Meaning of Khanda in Sikhism
By Sukhmindar Khalsa
In Sikhism Khanda is the Sikh’s coat of arms, or “Khalsa Crest.” Khanda refers to a double edged sword in the center of the emblem. The emblem of the Sikhism Khanda appears on the Nishan, the Sikh flag.
Khanda is a Punjabi language term which refers to a flat broadsword, or dagger, having two edges both of which are sharpened. The term Khanda may also refer to an emblem, or symbol recognized as the Sikh’s coat of arms, or Khalsa Crest, and is called a Khanda because of the double-edged sword in the center of the insignia. The coat of arms emblem of the Sikhism Khanda always appears on the Nishan, the Sikh flag which identifies the location of every gurdwara worship hall.
The components in the Sikhism Khanda have special significance:
- Two swords, signify the spiritual and secular forces influencing the soul.
- A double edged sword symbolizes the ability of truth to cut through the duality of illusion.
- A circlet represents unity, a sense of being at one with infinity.
Sometimes the Sikhism Khanda is rendered in the form of pin which can be worn on a turban. A possible significance could have arisen during historical battles in which Sikhs defended innocent people against the tyranny of Mughal Rulers.
Historic Significance of Khanda
The two swords: Piri and Miri
Har Govind became the 6th guru of the Sikhs when his father, Guru Arjan Dev, achieved martyrdom by order of Mughal emperor Jahangir. Guru Har Gobind wore two swords to symbolize his the Piri (spiritual) and Miri (secular) in nature of both his throne and rulership. Har Gobind built up a personal army. He constructed the Akal Takhat, which is the seat of religious authority and faces Gurdwara Harmandir Sahib, commonly known as the Golden Temple.
The double edge sword: Khanda
The sword is used to stir the immortalizing nectar of Amrit given to initiates to drink in the Sikh baptism ceremony.
The circlet: Chakar
The circlet is throwing weapon used in battle. It is sometimes worn on the turbans of devout Sikhs called Nihangs.
Pronunciation and Spelling of Khanda
Pronunciation and Phonetic Spelling: Khanddaa:
Khan-daa (Khan – a sounds like bun) (daa – aa sounds like awe) (dd is pronounced with the tip of the tongue curled back to touch the roof of the mouth.)
Synonym: Adi Shakti – The Sikhism Khanda is sometimes called an Adi Shakti, meaning “primal power” usually by English speaking American Sikh converts, members of the 3HO community, and non-Sikh students of Kundalini yoga. The term Adi Shakti introduced in the early 1970s by the late Yogi Bhajan founder of 3HO is rarely if ever, used by Sikhs of Punjabi origin. The traditional historic term used by all mainstream Sikhism sects for the Khalsa Coat of Arms is Khanda.
The Khanda is a Sikh symbol representative of the Sikh’s martial history and is displayed proudly by Sikhs in a variety of ways:
- Adorning the Nishan Sahib, or Sikh flag.
- Decorating ramalas draping the Guru Granth Sahib.
- As a pin worn on the turban.
- As a vehicle hood ornament.
- Appliquéd and embroidered on clothing.
- In poster form and artwork on a wall.
- Computer graphics and wallpaper.
- Accompanying articles in print.
- On banners and on floats in parades.
- On gurdwaras, building structures, and gates.
- Embellishing letterheads and stationary.
- Identifying Sikhism websites.
Significance of Baisakhi / Vaisakhi
Baiskhi is also spelled ‘Vaisakhi’, and is a vibrant Festival considered to be an extremely important festival in India. It is celebrated all over India under different names and rituals.
Astrological Significance of Baisakhi
The festival of Baisakhi falls on April 13 every year and April 14 once in every 36 years. Change in date is because of the fact that date of Baisakhi is reckoned according to the solar calendar. Astrologically, the date of Baisakhi is significant as marks sun’s entry into Mesh Rashi.
For this very reason, many people also know Baisakhi as Mesha Sankranti. The auspicious date of Baisakhi is celebrated all over India under different names and rituals. It is celebrated as ‘Rongali Bihu’ in Assam, ‘Naba Barsha’ in Bengal, ‘Puthandu’ in Tamil Nadu, ‘Pooram Vishu’ in Kerala and ‘Vaishakha’ in the state of Bihar.
Significance of Baisakhi for Farmers
For the agriculturally rich state of Punjab and Haryana, Baisakhi marks the time for harvest of Rabi (winter) crops and is therefore extremely significant for the farmers. Baisakhi Festival is also celebrated as a Thanksgiving Day festival in these states. After waking up early and dressing themselves in new clothes, farmers visit temples and gurdwaras to express gratitude to God for the good harvest and seek blessing for ensuing agriculture season. Farmers also celebrate Baisakhi by performing energetic bhangra and gidda dance and participating in Baisakhi Fairs.
Significance of Baisakhi in Sikhism
Baisakhi is of major importance for the people following Sikh faith. As it was on a Baisakhi Day, in the year 1699 that the Tenth Guru of Sikhs, Guru Gobind Singh founded Khalsa Panth or the Order of Pure Ones and gave a unique identity to Sikhs. On the same day the guru administered amrit (nectar) to his first batch of five disciples making them Singhs, a martial community. By doing so, he eliminated the differences of high and low and established that all human beings were equal.
Baisakhi is New Year’s Day in Punjab. It falls on the month of Vaisakh. This festival marks the ripening of the Rabi harvest. The day coincides with the solar equinox on the13th of April. It was on this day that the tenth Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh, founded the Khalsa (the Sikh brotherhood) in 1699. For Sikhs, this is as a collective birthday. It is celebrated on April 13, though once in 36 years it occurs on 14th April.
Sikhs celebrate Baisakhi by participating in special prayer meetings organized at gurdwaras. They also carry out joyful Baisakhi processions to mark the day.
Significance of Baisakhi in Other Religions
The day of Baisakhi is of significance for the Hindus as it was on this day in 1875 that Swami Dayanand Saraswati founded the Arya Samaj – a reformed sect of Hindus who are devoted to the Vedas for spiritual guidance and have discarded idol worship. Besides, Baisakhi day is of relevance for the Buddhists as Gautama Buddha attained enlightenment and Nirvana on this auspicious day.
In Kerala, the festival is called ‘Vishu’. It includes fireworks, shopping for new clothes and interesting displays called ‘Vishu Kani’. These are arrangements of flowers, grains, fruits, cloth, gold, and money are viewed early in the morning, to ensure a year of prosperity.
In Assam, the festival is called Bohag Bihu, and the community organizes massive feasts, music and dancing. Bengalis mark it as new years day or ‘Naba Varsha’ or Pohela Boishakh in Bengal, Assam and Tripura.
Puthandu (Tamil New Year) in Tamil Nadu. Whatever the history says, today Baisakhi is celebrated with all pomp and show in almost all parts of the country.
Original Sikh Flags Had Hindu Deities not Khanda – Part 1
All that whitewashing on their part of the Nishaan Sahib being a purely ‘Sikh’ flag & how the sacred Khanda, itself has nothing to do with Hindu Dharma – this misinformation gives the ignorant Sikhs of today a wrong sense of self pride without any one of them ever learning the truth behind how the flag came about in the first place.
Neo-Sikhs of the Singh Sabha managed to brush all the Hindu traditions under the carpet far away from the eyes of the future generations, though overlooking the main fact that Saffron is traditionally a Sanatan Dharmic colour. Our flags hoisted above sacred shrines such as Hindu mandirs & Gurudwaras symbolise the sanctity of our ancient heritage of Hinduism. Our Sadhus, Gurus, saints, vairagis etc all wear traditional colours of Saffron. They even wear seli topis & turbans & have long hair as well as beards.
This is not just the mark of a Sikh, but traditionally, a Hindu mark. Rajput warriors & Kings were the first ones to keep unshorn hair & long beards during the 15th century onwards. Before them, the Hindu Rishis & Sadhus, Siddhas & Yogis all kept unshorn hair & wore traditional turbans. But the stooges of Tat Khalsa & the Sikhi Taliban brigade have painted a very false picture to all the people of Punjab.
Ignorant of the fact that the ‘Sikh’ flag, that was carried on many a battlefield by the Nihangs & Khalsa armies, including that of Maharaja Ranjit Singhji, usually had a motif of Hindu Gods of war such as Lord Shiva, Goddess Durga, Goddess Kaumari, Goddess Varahi, Hanuman etc, the Singh Sabhias with the Talibanised Sikhs have falsely continued with their propagation of Nishaan Sahib as the original ‘Sikh’ flag during the time of the Gurus. They even deny any connections with the Hindu weaponry of Khadga ( 2 edged sword) & the Chakra ( Lord Vishnu weapon) & simply play them down as being from a different tradition.
THIS IS A BLATANT FRAUD!
Recently many questions are being raised concerning the several controversies that surround the re-writing, re-editing of Sikh history as well as the Shri Adi Granth – whether the Kartarpur Bir itself is authentic or not. However, this is another topic I will go into later on.
Back to the flag with motifs of Hindu Devatas which every Sikh & Talibanised Neo-Sikh must know of & acknowledge the fact that YES, Sikhs were Hindus of the Sanatan tradition of India before the British missionary satans ruined Punjab & divided its people who all acknowledged themselves as Hindus prior to the white guy setting foot on Indian soil. Khalsa warriors used to carry these flags onto all the battlefields when fighting the Islamic tyrants & British imperialists & it is my pleasure to present an entire post on images of great history that the Tat Khalsa stooges have kept away from all of us. Let us take a closer look at the history behind the Khanda, its sacred symbols of the Nishaan Sahib which was later on made the emblem of the Sikh flag.
Khalsa Armies with Banner displaying motif of Goddess Varahi, the Hindu Goddess of War.
Khalsa Armies with Banner displaying motif of Goddess Varahi ,the Hindu Goddess of War.
As explained by the Buddha Dal which is the oldest faction of the Nihang sect :
Nihang Chieftain – ca. 19th century, paint on paper, Gurmit Singh & Satnam Singh Collection
TO BE CONTINUED…
Brahmins who Sacrificed for Sikhs and Sikh Gurus
Read in Hindi below English version
Usually people from the Sikh society and the separatist Khalistani Jatts use very condemnable hateful words towards Brahmins. For a mistake of a Brahmin named Gangu, they blame the whole Brahmin society, call them coward and traitors. But these Pakistani supporting and brainwashed people do not know that the most soldiers in the army of Sikh Gurus were from the Brahmin society.
1. Pandit Praga Das Ji
2. Pandit Peda Ji
Pandit Peda Das ji was also the main ally of Guru Arjun Dev ji and he was the chief commander of the army of Sikh Guru Hargovind Singh ji. He took part in all the battles alongside with Guru Ji and finally got martyred in the battle of Amritsar.
3. Pandit Mukunda Ram Ji
4. Pandit Jattu Das Ji
5. Pandit Singha Purohit Ji
6. Pandit Malik G Purohit
7. Pandit Lal Chand Ji
8. Pandit’s Kripa Ram ji
9. Pandit Sanmukhi Ji
10. Pandit Chopad Rai Ji
11. Pandit Mathura ji
12. Pandit Kirat ji
13. Pandit Balu ji
14. Pandit Sati Das ji
15. Pandit Mati Das Ji
16. Bajirao Peshwa
ब्राह्मणों द्वारा सिक्खों के लिए दिए गए बलिदान :-
1. पंडित प्रागा दास जी
2. पंडित पेड़ा जी
3. पंडित मुकुंदा राम जी
4. पंडित जट्टू दास जी
5 .पंडित सिंघा पुरोहित जी
6. पण्डित मालिक जी पुरोहित
7. पंडित लाल चंद जी
8. पंडित किरपा राम जी
9. पंडित सनमुखी जी
10. पंडित चोपड़ राय जी
11. पण्डित मथुरा जी
12. पण्डित किरत जी
13. पण्डित बालू जी
14. पण्डित सती दास जी
15. पण्डित मति दास जी
16. बाजीराव पेश्वा
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