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Contribution of Sikhs as Warriors, Freedom Fighters and Soldiers

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Q: What contributions have Sikhs made as Soldiers and Warriors?

A: Sikhs by nature are respectful, courageous, hardworking, and enterprising. Look into their short span of history and you will find their pitcher is full of sacrifices and hard work which has contributed so much towards the building of the Indian nation. If not for them, the course of Indian History would have been very different. Volumes could be written on the contributions made by the Sikhs, who constitute less than 2% of Indian population. Just a few are listed below:

During 17th Century, when India was ruled by Mughals (Muslim Extremists), Hindus, Sikhs, and people from other religions were humiliated and deprived of any right to conduct their religious practices. Mughals treated the Hindu women as there own property and were forcing all Hindus to accept Islam and even used to kill if they refused to accept.

Sikhs have always believed in the right of an individual to practice a religion of his or her own choice and have always fought against tyranny. Jahangir, the fourth Mughal emperor wrote in his memoirs, Tuzak-i-Jahangiri about Guru Arjan Dev Ji, the fifth Guru of Sikhs, “For a long time the thought had been presenting itself to me that he should be bought to the fold of Islam”. In 1606, when the Guru refused the forceful conversion, he was put to death by boiling in a cauldron and sitting on a hot iron plate.

Guru Har Gobind Ji, the sixth Guru of Sikhs, raised his voice again the oppression by Muslim Extremists and fought against them for years.

During late 1600s, Aurangzeb, the 6th Mughal ruler was a fanatic ruler who desired to convert every Indian to Islam. Tyrannized by Aurangzeb’s forceful conversions in 1675, Kashmiri Pandits (Hindu Priests) approached Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji, the ninth Guru of Sikhs.

Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji came forward and told the Mughal emperor that if he could succeed in converting him to Islam, all the Hindus would accept the same. But, if he failed to do so, he should stop all of his oppression. The Mughal emperor happily agreed to the challenge and invited Guru Ji to Delhi. Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji was tortured for five days, he was made to sit on hot iron plates, hot oil was poured on his body. He was boiled in hot water and subjected to many more tortures in the hope that he would cave in and accept Islam. Guru Ji however did not even scream once, he was a true devotee of God and had been meditation on God for decades. After extreme tortures when Aurengzeb failed to convert Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji to Islam, he beheaded the Guru in Chandni Chowk, Delhi.

guru teg bahadur shahidi

Thus Guru Ji sacrificed his life for the protection of Hindu religion. Can anybody lay down his life and that too for the protection of another religion? This is the reason he is still remembered as “Hind Ki Chaddar”, Shield of India. For the sake of whom he had sacrificed his life, none of the them came forward to lift his body, fearing that they would also be assassinated.

Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji offered to sacrifice his life to protect another religion. This was a unique and unparalleled sacrifice in the records of human history. He laid down his life in defense of religious tolerance, freedom of worship, and freedom of religion. He gave his life for the Hindus’ right to wear the sacred thread despite the fact that Sikhs themselves do not believe in these rituals. This was martyrdom for the defense of basic human values.

Watching these incidences, Guru Gobind Singh Ji, the tenth Guru of Sikhs made a resolution that he would convert Sikhs to such human beings who would not be able the devotees of God but in order to protect their religion and the right of worship for others they would be warriors as well. Guru Gobind Singh Ji as instructed by God, created Khalsa and fought many battles against Muslim Extremists to protect the freedom of every individual.

For seven centuries, since the invasion of Mahmud Ghazni in the 10th century, many ruthless invaders played havoc with the life of Indians. Recurring defeats had sapped the psychic energy of the Indians so much that they had resigned themselves to their fate. It was Guru Gobind Singh Ji who implanted fearlessness amongst the Sikhs to fight against all odds. He wrote to Aurangzeb saying, “When all means have failed, it is right to pick up the sword”.

In the year 1699 he proclaimed, “A Sikh will fight against an army of one hundred and twenty five thousand”, as Sikhs were only few thousand in numbers while the Mughals were in millions. He set himself against oppression and intolerance. He did not fight against any territory or worldly power, or against any religion or sect. He fought for the basic human rights.

In addition to the numerous Sikhs who lost their life in defense of the right to freedom, Guru Gobind Singh Ji’s two sons were martyred on the battleground, while the other two preferred to be bricked alive than give up their beloved religion Sikhism. In 1709, Guru Gobind Singh Ji left this world with a lifetime of heroic events which changed the History of India.

Chhote-Sahibzaade-martyrdom

Bulle Shah, a celebrated Sufi Muslim Saint said, “I neither say of the past, nor of the future, but I talk of the time of Guru Gobind Singh and announce openly that if it was not for him, all Indians would have been circumscribed and converted to foreign culture and religion”.

In 1710, Banda Singh Bahadur was the first Indian to re-establish Indian rule after seven centuries of foreign rule in India. He fought fierce battles with the forces of Aurangzeb, although this was short lived.

Between 1713 and 1801 the Sikhs were homeless and living as Guerillas, demonstrating heroic acts of courage at every possible instance. The tyrant rulers had put a reward of Rs. 25 for every Sikh head and Rs. 100 for every Sikh caught alive. The money is compared to hundred thousand US dollars of today. Those caught alive were cut to pieces. Many new vocabularies originated, such as 12 o’ clock warriors, Sikh who fought at midnight to use the darkness to their advantage.

In 1738 Nadir Shah, the Persian ruler invaded India from Kabul, Afghanistan and went on a rampage to Delhi. He was returning to Persia in summer of 1739 while carrying a huge booty of looted wealth, Kohinoor diamond, women, artisans and slaves. To avoid the summer heat, the convoy would rest during the day and travel at night. At the peak of the day heat at 12 noon and at 12’O clock midnight, the Sikh guerillas started attacking his convoy right from Punjab up to the Indus. They freed many women, artisans, slaves and deprived him of large amount of wealth. The women were escorted back to Delhi by the Sikhs. It was a heroic act, which no one else dared, of fighting against the might of Nadir Shah by a handful of Sikhs and freeing the women. The Sikhs started getting recognized as people who go mad at 12 o’ clock and therefore the 12 o’ clock jokes of nowadays originated. When Nadir Shah asked Zakhariya Khan “who are these warriors and where they live”, Zakhariya replied, “They are the followers of Guru Nanak and live on their horses”.

After the return of Nadir Shah to Persia, Zakhariya Khan went on a rampage against the Sikh movement and killed 10,000 of them in a short span of time.

Between 1748 & 1765, Ahmad Shah Abdali, the ruler from Afghanistan rampaged India nine times. Again, the Sikhs attacked his returning convoys during the peak summer heat and midnight. Sikhs freed hundreds of women and escorted them back to their homes. These acts of Sikhs aggravated Ahmed Shah Abdali, who swore to take revenge at an appropriate time. During his sixth invasion, he caught the Sikhs by surprise and killed 25,000 Sikhs in a short time. However, the spirit of the Sikhs remained high.

Finally, Sikhs under Ranjit Singh, in 1798 brought an end to the 800 years of foreign invasions into India through Khyber pass, by bringing it under their control. This was the best gift Sikhs gave to the nation which finally allowed the rest of India to breathe in peace. Hari Singh Nalwa, who manned the Khyber pass for years became a name of threat in Afghanistan. Ranjit Singh brought the world famous Kohinoor diamond back to India, which was looted by Nadir Shah earlier.

If it was not for the Sikhs, who brought back Kashmir in 1819, today Kashmir would have been a part of Afghanistan. Ladakh owes its existence on the map of India to Zorawar Singh, who brought the region back to India in 1836.

The Battle of Saragarhi was fought on 12 September 1897 at the North West province of India between twenty-one Sikhs of the 4th Battalion of the Sikh Regiment defending an army post against 10,000 Afghans. All 21 Sikhs fought till the last bullet had been fired against the Afghan army. Twenty one Sikh soldiers then charged with their Kirpans to be eventually cut down to pieces. The easier way out would have been to surrender but the spirit of Sikhs has always made them do what Guru Gobind Singh Ji, the tenth Guru had said, “Grant me this wish, O Sword. I may never fear to stand up for righteousness. I may not fear when I go to war. If my defeat is definitive, I may die fighting in the battlefield for the sake of righteousness”.

With an end to Mughal invasions from Afghanistan, British invasion from the south initiated. Sikhs were the last to surrender to the British in the Indian sub-continent and were the first to raise arms against them.

Battle-of-Saragarhi

After two bloody Anglo-Sikh wars did British manage to take over Punjab as the last kingdom on the map of British-India Empire. It is an irony of fate that the Sikhs had to fight against their own countrymen as British forces employed Indians from the south to invade Punjab. It was not due to lack of soldiers’ courage or conviction that the wars against British were lost, but a treachery by Gulab, a minister under Ranjit Singh, who joined hands with the British in exchange for the title of Kashmir upon winning the war.

Despite the loss of empire to British, the spirit of freedom amongst Sikhs was soaring high. Whereas the British would daily fire a canon at 12 noon by the East India Co. time, the Sikhs on the other hand refused to recognize the British time. There is one and a half hour time difference between Calcutta and Punjab time and therefore the Sikhs maintained their firing of the Canon at 12 noon Punjab time. Amongst the general public there was confusion as to which canon denoted the 12 noon. Therefore at the fire of the first canon the public would say “12 o’ clock of British” and on the second fire, an hour and a half later, they would say “12 o’ clock of Sikhs.” Soon the spirit of defiance and freedom was forgotten by fellow Indians and they started linking the heroism demonstrated by Sikhs during Nadir Shah and Abdalis invasions at 12 noon to the act of defiance during British period and again started the 12 o’ clock jokes.

Much before 1919, when Mahatma Gandhi issued the call for satyagraha (boycotting English goods), the Sikhs under Baba Ram Singh had started the boycott movement in 1863. Eighty two Sikhs were tied to canons & blown apart by British. Sikhs were the only Indian community to be internationally acclaimed as early as 1897 for their heroism and courage.

On April 13, 1919, the British conducted Jallianwala Bagh massacre, which consisted of killing 1300 unarmed Indians mostly Sikhs in a single day. Thousand of unarmed, innocent & peaceful Indians had assembled in Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar to register a peaceful protest against British colonial rule when General Michael O’ Dwyer came with his troops and opened fire on the unarmed civilians.

Jallianwala Bagh massacre

Jallianwala Bagh massacre

The first battle for freedom from British was won by Sikhs, when after loss of many lives in 1929 they were able to take over the charge of their shrines from British. On this victory Mahatma Gandhi sent a telegram writing, “The first decisive battle of independence of India won – congratulations”.

Bhagat Singh while studying in Berkeley University in California went back to Punjab to fight against the British army and was hanged in 1913 while fighting for freedom.

Udham Singh in 1940 went to London and shot General Michael O’ Dwyer at a public meeting as a revenge for the Jallianwala Bagh massacre. Udham Singh did not flee, surrendered himself, and was later executed.

Even though Sikhs were 2% of the population of India, out of 42,000 recruits in the Indian National Army under the command of Subhash Chandra Bose, 28,000 soldiers, contributing 67% were Sikhs.

Following is the contribution of Sikhs who are less than 2% of the population of India in the freedom struggle against the British:

sikh freedom fighters of india

sikh freedom fighters of india

Book source: “History of Indian National Congress”

Partition of India in 1947 brought innumerable death to Sikhs and was one of the greatest disaster known in the Indian history. Surely the Sikhs paid the heaviest price for the freedom of the country.

Punjab lost its most fertile part to Pakistan during the partition. However, today due to hard labor of Sikh farmers, the Punjab in India produces much higher quantities of food grain than the fertile Punjab in Pakistan. Punjab contributes 40% of rice and 51% of wheat into the central pool of food grains in India.

Sikhs were the first to rise and fight invasions by Pakistan in 1960s and 1970s. Pakistan’s invasion lead to full force wars between Indian and Pakistan. Again Sikh, this time joining hands with Hindus contributed and laid their lives down to protect the borders and freedom of India. Pakistan lost all the wars.

sikh regiment

Contribution of Sikhs towards the Indian Defense Services is the highest with respect to their 2% population size. This community has also won the maximum number of gallantry awards since independence:

  • 5 Param Vir Chakras (PVCs)
  • 40 Maha Vir Chakras (MVCs)
  • 209 Vir Chakras (VrCs)

Today Sikhs are still 2% of the population of Indian but 20% of Indian Military consists of Sikhs. As a part of Indian Military, Sikhs have constantly been fighting Muslim terrorists on the border of Pakistan and India since last India-Pakistan war.

 

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Fesitvals

Significance of Baisakhi / Vaisakhi

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Significance of Baisakhi

Baiskhi is also spelled ‘Vaisakhi’, and is a vibrant Festival considered to be an extremely important festival in India. It is celebrated all over India under different names and rituals.

Astrological Significance of Baisakhi

The festival of Baisakhi falls on April 13 every year and April 14 once in every 36 years. Change in date is because of the fact that date of Baisakhi is reckoned according to the solar calendar. Astrologically, the date of Baisakhi is significant as marks sun’s entry into Mesh Rashi.

For this very reason, many people also know Baisakhi as Mesha Sankranti. The auspicious date of Baisakhi is celebrated all over India under different names and rituals. It is celebrated as ‘Rongali Bihu’ in Assam, ‘Naba Barsha’ in Bengal, ‘Puthandu’ in Tamil Nadu, ‘Pooram Vishu’ in Kerala and ‘Vaishakha’ in the state of Bihar.

Significance of Baisakhi for Farmers

For the agriculturally rich state of Punjab and Haryana, Baisakhi marks the time for harvest of Rabi (winter) crops and is therefore extremely significant for the farmers. Baisakhi Festival is also celebrated as a Thanksgiving Day festival in these states. After waking up early and dressing themselves in new clothes, farmers visit temples and gurdwaras to express gratitude to God for the good harvest and seek blessing for ensuing agriculture season. Farmers also celebrate Baisakhi by performing energetic bhangra and gidda dance and participating in Baisakhi Fairs.

Significance of Baisakhi in Sikhism

Baisakhi is of major importance for the people following Sikh faith. As it was on a Baisakhi Day, in the year 1699 that the Tenth Guru of Sikhs, Guru Gobind Singh founded Khalsa Panth or the Order of Pure Ones and gave a unique identity to Sikhs. On the same day the guru administered amrit (nectar) to his first batch of five disciples making them Singhs, a martial community. By doing so, he eliminated the differences of high and low and established that all human beings were equal.

Baisakhi is New Year’s Day in Punjab. It falls on the month of Vaisakh. This festival marks the ripening of the Rabi harvest. The day coincides with the solar equinox on the13th of April. It was on this day that the tenth Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh, founded the Khalsa (the Sikh brotherhood) in 1699. For Sikhs, this is as a collective birthday. It is celebrated on April 13, though once in 36 years it occurs on 14th April.

Sikhs celebrate Baisakhi by participating in special prayer meetings organized at gurdwaras. They also carry out joyful Baisakhi processions to mark the day.

Significance of Baisakhi in Other Religions

The day of Baisakhi is of significance for the Hindus as it was on this day in 1875 that Swami Dayanand Saraswati founded the Arya Samaj – a reformed sect of Hindus who are devoted to the Vedas for spiritual guidance and have discarded idol worship. Besides, Baisakhi day is of relevance for the Buddhists as Gautama Buddha attained enlightenment and Nirvana on this auspicious day.

In Kerala, the festival is called ‘Vishu’. It includes fireworks, shopping for new clothes and interesting displays called ‘Vishu Kani’. These are arrangements of flowers, grains, fruits, cloth, gold, and money are viewed early in the morning, to ensure a year of prosperity.

In Assam, the festival is called Bohag Bihu, and the community organizes massive feasts, music and dancing. Bengalis mark it as new years day or ‘Naba Varsha’ or Pohela Boishakh in Bengal, Assam and Tripura.

Puthandu (Tamil New Year) in Tamil Nadu. Whatever the history says, today Baisakhi is celebrated with all pomp and show in almost all parts of the country.

 

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Sikhism

Original Sikh Flags Had Hindu Deities not Khanda – Part 1

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All that whitewashing on their part of the Nishaan Sahib being a purely ‘Sikh’ flag & how the sacred Khanda, itself has nothing to do with Hindu Dharma – this misinformation gives the ignorant Sikhs of today a wrong sense of self pride without any one of them ever learning the truth behind how the flag came about in the first place.

Neo-Sikhs of the Singh Sabha managed to brush all the Hindu traditions under the carpet far away from the eyes of the future generations, though overlooking the main fact that Saffron is traditionally a Sanatan Dharmic colour. Our flags hoisted above sacred shrines such as Hindu mandirs & Gurudwaras symbolise the sanctity of our ancient heritage of Hinduism. Our Sadhus, Gurus, saints, vairagis etc all wear traditional colours of Saffron. They even wear seli topis & turbans & have long hair as well as beards.

This is not just the mark of a Sikh, but traditionally, a Hindu mark. Rajput warriors & Kings were the first ones to keep unshorn hair & long beards during the 15th century onwards. Before them, the Hindu Rishis & Sadhus, Siddhas & Yogis all kept unshorn hair & wore traditional turbans. But the stooges of Tat Khalsa & the Sikhi Taliban brigade have painted a very false picture to all the people of Punjab.

Ignorant of the fact that the ‘Sikh’ flag, that was carried on many a battlefield by the Nihangs & Khalsa armies, including that of Maharaja Ranjit Singhji, usually had a motif of Hindu Gods of war such as Lord Shiva, Goddess Durga, Goddess Kaumari, Goddess Varahi, Hanuman etc, the Singh Sabhias with the Talibanised Sikhs have falsely continued with their propagation of Nishaan Sahib as the original ‘Sikh’ flag during the time of the Gurus. They even deny any connections with the Hindu weaponry of Khadga ( 2 edged sword) & the Chakra ( Lord Vishnu weapon) & simply play them down as being from a different tradition.

THIS IS A BLATANT FRAUD!

Recently many questions are being raised concerning the several controversies that surround the re-writing, re-editing of Sikh history as well as the Shri Adi Granth – whether the Kartarpur Bir itself is authentic or not. However, this is another topic I will go into later on.

Back to the flag with motifs of Hindu Devatas which every Sikh & Talibanised Neo-Sikh must know of & acknowledge the fact that YES, Sikhs were Hindus of the Sanatan tradition of India before the British missionary satans ruined Punjab & divided its people who all acknowledged themselves as Hindus prior to the white guy setting foot on Indian soil. Khalsa warriors used to carry these flags onto all the battlefields when fighting the Islamic tyrants & British imperialists & it is my pleasure to present an entire post on images of great history that the Tat Khalsa stooges have kept away from all of us. Let us take a closer look at the history behind the Khanda, its sacred symbols of the Nishaan Sahib which was later on made the emblem of the Sikh flag.

Durga on Sikih Flags

In the image above, if we look closer, we can see the Hindu Goddess Chandi or Durga seated on a lion & she bears in her hands all sacred weapons such as the Khanda, trishul, mace, Chakar etc which are also a part of the Nishaan Sahib.
durga on sikh flags
‘Sikh’ flags of the 18th Century / 19th century commonly bore motifs of Hindu Devatas such as Lord Shiva & Goddess Shakti. In the photo : The red field of the banner is divided by three narrow gold horizontal bands crossing the banners. On one side is a central motif of a yellow sun and a red background which is covered with a block printed pattern of gold flowers. On the other side of the banner is a central motif of the Hindu Goddess of War Durga in black riding on a lion or tiger with two attendants and the red field of the banner is covered with a repeating block printed dark scroll pattern.

Khalsa Armies with Banner displaying motif of Goddess Varahi, the Hindu Goddess of War.

Varahi on sikh flags

Varahi on sikh flags

Khalsa Armies with Banner displaying motif of Goddess Varahi ,the Hindu Goddess of War.

Hari Singh on elephant circa 19th century. A military procession of Hari Singh Nalwa (1791–1837), one of the greatest generals of the Sikh Empire. He became the Commander-in-Chief of the army along the North Western Frontier of the Sikh Kingdom and also served as Governor of various provinces. The military procession depicted is lead by two horsemen carrying battle standards.
Maharaja Sher Singh military banners
Maharaja Sher Singh military banners
Above: The two Maharaja Sher Singh military banners in the Soltykoff sketch also have central motifs related to the theme of victory in battle. The banners contain two of the Matrikas, a group of Hindu war goddesses that are usually depicted together. One banner has a central motif of the war Goddess Kaumari. Within Hinduism Kaumari is considered the power of Kumara, the God of war. Kaumari is depicted on the banner riding a peacock, with multiple heads and holding weapons in her multiple arms. The other battle standard only partially visible in the Soltykoff sketch shows a depiction of the war Goddess Varahi described in Hinduism as the power of Varaha – the boar-headed form of Vishnu or Yama – the god of death, with a boar head on a human body. Varahi is depicted on the banner holding weapons in her multiple arms.
Above: A scene from #Sikh Cavalry and #Akalis, modelled on Soltykoff’s depictions, entitled Habitants De Lahore, by Clerman | PC : Ramblings of Sikhs
Spot the Naga #Sadhus and name the #Hindu Deity on Flag ? As we always say, all distinction made between Sikhs and #Hindus after 1920.
Ardhanarishwar form of Lord Shiva
Above: Ardhanarishwar form of Lord Shiva, with His consort Shakti – He is holding a battle – axe, while Devi Shakti whose hand once held a flower.Behind is the broad Khanda sword at the centre & Ardha Chand. The Sanskrit word ‘Ardh’ meaning half is Addh in Punjabi. The Chandra or moon is known as Chand in Punjabi – meaning Half-moon. The Nihang tradition of Sanatan Sikhi, includes the wearing of Addh Chand – the first common variation is of wearing th half moon symbol of lord Shiva with a Khanda sword in the middle while the second variation features three bladed weapons i.e. 2 swords with a Khanda at the centre that are all within the Addh Chand. This assortment is known as the Gajgah. Wearing the Addh Chand is regarded by the Nihangs as being an integral part of  Shiv Swaroopi or the very form of Lord Shiva.
 Lord Shiva is one of the Trinity of Hindu Devatas known as the Trimurti. He is the destroyer as well as the MahaYogi. The crescent moon represents the immortality of Shiva as Akaal Purush or Akaal Purukh – the Timeless Supreme Being.

As explained by the Buddha Dal which is the oldest faction of the Nihang sect :

There are a wide range of complementary understandings all which allow one to analyze the interaction of Shiv-Shakti within the Nihang Singh at various levels.  Shiv is believed to be represented by a half moon (Aad Chand), signifying calm and coolness. Shakti is represented by a sun and is believed to be a more powerful energy and the driving force of the universe, within the Sikh tradition Chandi (personification of shakti) or Durga is Shakti. The Aad Chand (crescent moon) representing Shiv has long been a trademark of Nihang Singhs as is the wearing of arms; representing the divine union of Shiv and Shakti.
Durga
Above: Mata Durga with the Khanda sword, Chakar, battle-axe etc 
”Pritam Bhaguati Simer Ke Guru Nanak”– the beginning verse of the Var Shri Bhaguati ji Ki is highly controversial nowadays with Talibanised Sikhs crying out that the word Bhaguati here means a ‘Sword’, in a deliberate fraudulent manner to denounce all connections with Hindu Devatas. Bhaguati in Braj, Awadhi & Sanskrit is another name of Goddess Durga & also has the meaning of Shakti which represents the Primal Mother Goddess, whereas the word Khadga & Khanda stands for the double edged sword.
This concept has completely become played down by the thugs of the Sikh Taliban brigade the Singh Sabhias – they have managed to spread the ridiculous rumour that when the 10th Guruji was speaking about Bhaguati, he actually meant it was a sword. Whereas in fact, Bhaguati stands for the Divine Shakti of the Divine consort of Lord Shiva. That is why all the Siddhas, yogis, sadhus & including Guru Gobind Singhji himself invoked the immortal Mother Shakti ( a feminine form of Akaal Purukh) before setting out onto his mission. She is powerful, one that transcends all the material planes of Sattva, Rajas & Tamas, who is not subjected to Birth & Death. I would also like to add here that Guru Gobind Singhji had placed the feminine Shakti of Durga above or before even mentioning the rest of the Gurus – She is invoked bfore the Gurus even giving great emphasis on the feminine aspect of the Divine Akaal.
”First and foremost I invoke Bhagauti, and then set my mind on Guru Nanak. Then I seek the help of Guru Angad, Guru Amar Das and Guru Raam Das, Arjan, Hargobind and (Guru) Har Rai be remembered. Sri Harkrishan be meditated upon whose mere glimpse removes all sorrows. (Guru) Tegh Bahadur be remembered as it causes the home to flourish. They all help me at all places. ||1||”
Nihang Chieftain

Nihang Chieftain – ca. 19th century, paint on paper, Gurmit Singh & Satnam Singh Collection

The shape of the straight edged khanda sword blade at the center of this Nihangs elders turban is quite similar to the shape of the blade found in the modern khanda emblem as are the shapes of the curved swords.

TO BE CONTINUED…

 

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Hinduism

Brahmins who Sacrificed for Sikhs and Sikh Gurus

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Brahmins who Sacrificed for Sikhs and Sikh Gurus

Read in Hindi below English version


Usually people from the Sikh society and the separatist Khalistani Jatts use very condemnable hateful words towards Brahmins. For a mistake of a Brahmin named Gangu, they blame the whole Brahmin society, call them coward and traitors. But these Pakistani supporting and brainwashed people do not know that the most soldiers in the army of Sikh Gurus were from the Brahmin society.

Here is a small list of prominent Brahmins who made the ultimate sacrifices and attained martyrdom for Sikh gurus: 

1. Pandit Praga Das Ji 

Pandit Praga Das ji’s father’s name was Pandit Mai Das Ji, he was born in Kariyala Jhelum who is in present Pakistan.
Pandit Praga ji was a Chhibbar Brahmin. He was the main ally of the fifth Sikh Guru Shri Arjun Dev Ji. He has also been credited for teaching the art of war to the sixth Sikh Guru . He achieved martyrdom in the war against Abdul Khan in 1621.

2. Pandit Peda Ji 

His father’s name was Pandit Mai Das Ji, he was born in Kariyala Jhelum presently in Pakistan. He was the younger brother of Pandit Praga Das ji.

Pandit Peda Das ji was also the main ally of Guru Arjun Dev ji and he was the chief commander of the army of Sikh Guru Hargovind Singh ji. He took part in all the battles alongside with Guru Ji and finally got martyred in the battle of Amritsar.

3. Pandit Mukunda Ram Ji 

Pandit Mukunda Ram Ji was born Karachi, present Pakistan. He was the chief servant of Sikh Guru Arjun Dev ji and later appointed as the chief commander of his army. Pandit Mukunda Ram Ji was a learned Brahmin and had knowledge of all four Vedas and a good man in war art. They are also credited to be martyred in war.

4. Pandit Jattu Das Ji 

He was born in Lahore, present Pakistan and was a Tiwari Brahmin. Pandit Jattu Ram ji was a fighter in the army of Guru Hargovind Singh ji and later he also handled the work of the army. He fought a big battle with Muhammad Khan in 1630 and he is credited for killing Muhammad Khan. He suffered a lot of physical injuries in the battle with Mohammad Khan and got heroic martyrdom in the battle field.

5. Pandit Singha Purohit Ji 

Pandit Singha Purohit ji was the chief servant of Guru Arjun Dev ji who and also a soldier in the army of the sixth Guru. Shri Singha ji martyred in a fight near Amritsar while fighting along side Guru Sahib against mughals.

6. Pandit Malik G Purohit

Son of Pandit Singha ji Purohit was the son of Pandit Singha ji (see number 5). He fought a long and massive battle against Mukhalskhan and finally won. Pandit Malik ji is considered to be the right hand of Guru Hargovind. They got martyrdom in the war of Bhangani against Mughals.

7. Pandit Lal Chand Ji 

Born in Kurukshetra, Haryana, Pandit Lal ji was a great scholar and warrior. Mr. Lal Chand was martyred in the battle of Chamkaur against islamic invasion of Mughals.

8. Pandit’s Kripa Ram ji

Son of Pandit Adu Ram ji, Pandit Krupa Ram Ji was the main ally of Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji, he had taught Gobind Rai  art of war and weapons knowledge. It is said that a brave warrior like him has never born again in the history of Punjab. He achieved martyrdom in the battle of Chamkaur. He was also the commander of the Sikh army.

9. Pandit Sanmukhi Ji

Son of Pandit Adu Ram ji, Sanmukhi ji was the brother of Pandit Krupa ji, and he was also nominated as the commander of the Khalsa Army by the tenth Guru, Pandit Sanmukhi ji was martyred in the battle of Chamkaur.

10. Pandit Chopad Rai Ji 

Son of Shri Peda Ram ji was born in Jehlam. Chopad Rai Ji was a multilingual scholar. He created Rahatnam which is practiced by all Sikhs today and other spiritual works. Mr. Chopad Rai led the Khalsa Army and he was martyred in the war of Bhangani.

11. Pandit Mathura ji

Son of Shri Bhikha Ram ji, was born in Ladwa Haryana. Shri Mathura Ram ji was a great scholar and warrior. His fourteen shlokas are recorded in Shri Guru Granth Sahib ji. He fought with Bairam Khan with the help of his 400 warriors and won. He put the tyrant Mughal Bairam Khan to death. Shri Mathura ji martyred in the battle of Amritsar in 1634.

12. Pandit Kirat ji

Birthplace and father’s name – Shri Bhikha Ram ji, Ladwa Haryana. Pandit Kirat Ji was a great scholar and warrior, eight shlokas composed by him are written in Guru Granth Sahib. Shri Kirat ji was a companion of Guru Amardas and was martyred in the battle of Govindgarh in 1634 AD.

13. Pandit Balu ji

Father’s name and birthplace – Mr. Moolchand ji, Kashmir. Pandit Balu ji was the grandson of Bhai Dayal Das, martyred in the first battle of Sikh history fought under the leadership of Pandit Paraga Das.

14. Pandit Sati Das ji

15. Pandit Mati Das Ji

(Writing anything about 14 & 15 would be like showing a lamp to the sun.)

16. Bajirao Peshwa

Father’s name – Balaji Vishwanath | Location – Konkan Maharashtra
Bajirao Peshwa marched to Northern India by collecting the Marathi army under his leadership and established a huge Maratha empire covering most of today’s India, Pakistan and Afghanistan. His army was very skilled in gorilla war due to which they broke the backbone of tyrant Mughal rulers. He gifted the Sikhs by winning the fort of Lahore and Delhi’s king Farrukhsiyar had released Gobind Rai’s wives (Sahib Kaur and Sundari) from the prison of that Mughal emperor.
The above is a small list of Brahmins who participated in the Sikh movement and strengthened the Sikh forces against the tyranny of Muslim emperors to make India an Islamic country – Khurasan.

ब्राह्मणों द्वारा सिक्खों के लिए दिए गए बलिदान :-

आमतौर पर सिख समाज के लोग और उनमें भी अलगाववादी खालिस्तानी जट्ट सिक्ख ब्राह्मणों के प्रति अति निंदनीय घृणास्पद शब्दों का प्रयोग करते हैं । एक गंगू नाम के ब्राह्मण की एक भूल को लेकर पूरे ब्राह्मण समाज को दोषी, कायर एवं ग़द्दार करार दे देते है, लेकिन इन पाकिस्तान परस्त लोगों को ये नहीं पता कि इनके गुरुओं की सेनाओं में सबसे ज़्यादा सैनिक ब्राह्मण समाज से ही होते है । सिख गुरुओं के लिए शहादत देने वाले ब्राह्मणो की एक सूचि बनाई गई है जिसमें सिक्ख गुरुओं के लिये अपना बलिदान देने वाले ब्राह्मण वीरों का उल्लेख है :-

1. पंडित प्रागा दास जी 

पिता का नाम एवं जन्मस्थान – इनके पिता जी का नाम पंडित माई दास जी था , इनका जन्म करीयाला झेलम में हुआ था जोकि वर्तमान पाकिस्तान में है ।
भूमिका – पंडित प्रागा जी एक छिब्बर ब्राह्मण थे । ये पाँचवे गुरु श्री अर्जुन देव जी के मुख्य सहयोगी रहे । इन्होंने छटे गुरु को युद्ध कला सीखाने का श्रेय प्राप्त है । 1621 में अब्दुलाखान के साथ हो रहे युद्ध में इनको वीरगति प्राप्त हुई ।

2. पंडित पेड़ा जी 

पिता का नाम एवं जन्मस्थान – इनके पिता जी का नाम पंडित माई दास जी था , इनका जन्म करीयाला झेलम में हुआ था जोकि वर्तमान पाकिस्तान में है । ये पंडित प्रागा दास जी के छोटे भाई थे ।
भूमिका – पंडित पेड़ा दास जी भी गुरु अर्जुन देव जी के मुख्य सहयोगी थे और ये गुरु हरगोविंद सिंह जी की सेना के मुख्यसेनापति थे । इन्होंने सभी लड़ाईयों में हिस्सा लिया और अंत में अमृतसर की लड़ाई में शहीद हुए ।

3. पंडित मुकुंदा राम जी 

जन्मस्थान – कराची , वर्तमान पाकिस्तान
भूमिका – पंडित मुकुंदा राम जी गुरु अर्जुन देव जी के मुख्य सेवक थे और बाद में उनकी सेना के मुख्य सेनापति के तौर पर भी नियुक्त हुए । पंडित मुकुंदा राम जी चार वेदों के ज्ञाता एवं युद्ध कला में निपुण थे । इनको भी युद्ध में शहीद होना का श्रेय प्राप्त है ।

4. पंडित जट्टू दास जी 

जन्मस्थान – लाहौर, पाकिस्तान
भूमिका – पंडित जट्टू दास जी एक तिवारी ब्राह्मण थे पंडित जट्टू राम जी गुरु हरगोविंद सिंह जी की सेना में सेनानी थे और बाद में इन्होंने सेना का कार्य भार भी संभाला । 1630 में मुहम्मद खान के साथ इन्होंने बड़ी लड़ाई लड़ी और मुहम्मद खान का वध करने का श्रेय इन्हें ही प्राप्त है । मुहमद खान के साथ लड़ाई में इनको बहुत शारीरिक नुक़सान पहुँचा और युद्ध क्षेत्र में ही वीर गति को प्राप्त हो गये ।

5 .पंडित सिंघा पुरोहित जी 

भूमिका – पंडित सिंघा पुरोहित जी गुरु अर्जुन देव जी के मुख्य सेवक थे जो छटवें गुरु की सेना में सिपाही भी रहे । श्री सिंघा जी अमृतसर के नज़दीक लड़ाई में शहीद हुए

6. पण्डित मालिक जी पुरोहित

पिता का नाम – पंडित सिंघा जी पुरोहित
भूमिका – पण्डित मलिक जी पंडित सिंघा जी के सुपुत्र थे ( देखें नम्बर 5 ) मुखलसखान के विरुद्ध इन्होंने धुआँधार लड़ाई लड़ी और अंत में विजयी भी हुई । पंडित मलिक जी गुरु हरगोविंद का दाहिना हाथ माना जाता है । इनको भंगाणी के युद्ध में शहादत प्राप्त हुई।

7. पंडित लाल चंद जी 

जन्मस्थान – कुरुक्षेत्र, हरियाणा
पंडित लाल जी एक महान विद्वान एवं योद्धा थे । श्री लाल चंद जी चमकौर की लड़ाई में शहीद हुए थे ।

8. पंडित किरपा राम जी

पिता का नाम – पंडित अड़ू राम जी
भूमिका – पंडित कृपा राम जी गुरु तेग़ बहादूर जी के प्रमुख सहयोगी थे ,इन्होंने ही गोबिंद राय जी को सारी शस्त्र विद्या सिखाई थी । कहा जाता है कि इनके जैसा वीर योद्धा पंजाब के इतिहास में नहीं हुआ । इनको चमकौर की लड़ाई में शहादत मिली । ये समकालीन सेना के सेनापति भी थे ।

9. पंडित सनमुखी जी

पिता का नाम – पंडित अड़ू राम जी
सनमुखी जी पंडित कृपा जी के भाई थे , और ये इनको दसवे गुरु द्वारा खालसा फ़ौज का सेनापति भी मनोनीत किया गया था , पंडित सनमुखी जी चमकौर की लड़ाई में शहीद हुए थे ।

10. पंडित चोपड़ राय जी 

पिता का नाम एवं जन्मस्थान – श्री पेड़ा राम जी , जेहलम
भूमिका – श्री चोपड़ राय जी एक बहुभाषी विद्वान थे । इन्होंने रहतनामें एवं अन्य आध्यात्मिक कृतियों की रचना की । श्री चोपड राय जी ने खालसा फ़ौज का नेतृत्व किया और ये भंगाणी के युद्ध में शहीद हुए ।

11. पण्डित मथुरा जी

पिता का नाम एवं जन्मस्थान – श्री भीखा राम जी , लाड़वा हरियाणा
श्री मथुरा राम जी एक महान विद्वान एवं योद्धा थे । श्री गुरु ग्रंथ साहिब जी में इनके चौदह अंक दर्ज है । इन्होंने मात्र अपने ४०० साथियों की सहायता से बैरम खान के साथ युद्ध किया एवं जीत भी हासिल की । इन्होंने बैरम खान को मौत की नींद सुला दिया था । श्री मथुरा जी 1634 में अमृतसर की लड़ाई में शहीद हुए ।

12. पण्डित किरत जी

जन्मस्थान एवं पिता का नाम – श्री भिखा राम जी , लाड़वा हरियाणा
पण्डित किरत जी एक महान विद्वान एवं योद्धा थे , इनके द्वारा रचित आठ अंक गुरु ग्रंथ साहिब में अंकित है । श्री किरत जी गुरु अमरदास के सहयोगी थे और 1634 ईसवी में गोविंदगढ़ की जंग में शहीद हुए ।

13. पण्डित बालू जी

पिता का नाम एवं जन्मस्थान – श्री मूलचंद जी , कश्मीर
पण्डित बालू जी भाई दयाल दास के पोते थे , पण्डित परागा दास के नेतृत्व में लड़ी गयी सिख इतिहास की पहली लड़ाई में शहीद हुए

14. पण्डित सती दास जी

15. पण्डित मति दास जी

( 14 & 15 के विषय में कुछ भी लिखना मेरे लिए सूरज को दीपक दिखाने के समान होगा ।

16. बाजीराव पेश्वा

पिता का नाम – बालाजी विश्वनाथ
स्थान – कोंकण महाराष्ट्र
बाजीराव पेश्वा ने अपने नेतृत्व में मराठी सेना को एकत्रित करके उत्तरी भारत तक कूच किया और विशाल मराठा साम्राज्य की स्थापना की । इनकी सेना गोरिल्ला युद्ध करने मे अत्यन्त निपुण थी जिसके कारण इन्होंने मुगल शासकों की रीढ़ तोड़ डाली थी । इन्होंने ही सिक्खों को लाहौर का किला जीतकर उपहार में दिया और दिल्ली के बादशाह फर्रुखसियर ने गोबिंद राय जी की पत्नियों ( साहिब कौर और सुंदरी ) को उस मुगल बादशाह की कैद से छुड़वाया था ।
ये मुख्य मुख्य उन ब्राह्मणों की सूचि है जिन्होंने सिक्ख आंदोलन में भाग लिया और मुसलमान बादशाहों का जो सपना भारत को इस्लामी देश खुरासान बनाना था उसके विरुद्ध सिक्ख सेनाओं को मजबूत किया ।

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